The rsmS (ybaM) mutation causes bypass suppression of the RsmAB post-transcriptional virulence regulation system in enterobacterial phytopathogens

Rita E. Monson, Katinka Apagyi, Steven Bowden, Natalie Simpson, Neil R. Williamson, Marion F. Cubitt, Steve Harris, Ian K. Toth, George P.C. Salmond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Plant cell wall degrading enzymes (PCWDEs) are the primary virulence determinants of soft rotting bacteria such as the potato pathogen, Pectobacterium atrosepticum. The regulation of secondary metabolite (Rsm) system controls production of PCWDEs in response to changing nutrient conditions. This work identified a new suppressor of an rsmB mutation – ECA1172 or rsmS (rsmBsuppressor). Mutants defective in rsmB (encoding a small regulatory RNA), show reduced elaboration of the quorum sensing molecule (N-3-oxohexanoyl-homoserine lactone; OHHL) and PCWDEs. However, OHHL and PCWDE production were partially restored in an rsmB, rsmS double mutant. Single rsmS mutants, overproduced PCWDEs and OHHL relative to wild type P. atrosepticum and exhibited hypervirulence in potato. RsmS overproduction also resulted in increased PCWDEs and OHHL. Homology searches revealed rsmS conservation across pathogens such as Escherichia coli (ybaM), Dickeya solani, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Shigella flexneri. An rsmS mutant of Pectobacterium carotovorum ATCC39048 showed bypass of rsmB-dependent repression of PCWDEs and OHHL production. P. carotovorum ATCC39048 produces the β-lactam antibiotic, 1-carbapen-2-em-3-carboxylic acid (a carbapenem). Production of the antibiotic was repressed in an rsmB mutant but partially restored in an rsmB, rsmS double mutant. This work highlights the importance of RsmS, as a conserved pleiotropic regulator of virulence and antibiotic biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number4525
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019

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Plant Cells
Cell Wall
Virulence
Mutation
Enzymes
Pectobacterium carotovorum
Solanum tuberosum
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Pectobacterium
Genetic Suppression
Shigella flexneri
Lactams
Quorum Sensing
Klebsiella pneumoniae
RNA
Escherichia coli
Bacteria
Food

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The rsmS (ybaM) mutation causes bypass suppression of the RsmAB post-transcriptional virulence regulation system in enterobacterial phytopathogens. / Monson, Rita E.; Apagyi, Katinka; Bowden, Steven; Simpson, Natalie; Williamson, Neil R.; Cubitt, Marion F.; Harris, Steve; Toth, Ian K.; Salmond, George P.C.

In: Scientific reports, Vol. 9, No. 1, 4525, 01.12.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Monson, Rita E. ; Apagyi, Katinka ; Bowden, Steven ; Simpson, Natalie ; Williamson, Neil R. ; Cubitt, Marion F. ; Harris, Steve ; Toth, Ian K. ; Salmond, George P.C. / The rsmS (ybaM) mutation causes bypass suppression of the RsmAB post-transcriptional virulence regulation system in enterobacterial phytopathogens. In: Scientific reports. 2019 ; Vol. 9, No. 1.
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abstract = "Plant cell wall degrading enzymes (PCWDEs) are the primary virulence determinants of soft rotting bacteria such as the potato pathogen, Pectobacterium atrosepticum. The regulation of secondary metabolite (Rsm) system controls production of PCWDEs in response to changing nutrient conditions. This work identified a new suppressor of an rsmB mutation – ECA1172 or rsmS (rsmBsuppressor). Mutants defective in rsmB (encoding a small regulatory RNA), show reduced elaboration of the quorum sensing molecule (N-3-oxohexanoyl-homoserine lactone; OHHL) and PCWDEs. However, OHHL and PCWDE production were partially restored in an rsmB, rsmS double mutant. Single rsmS mutants, overproduced PCWDEs and OHHL relative to wild type P. atrosepticum and exhibited hypervirulence in potato. RsmS overproduction also resulted in increased PCWDEs and OHHL. Homology searches revealed rsmS conservation across pathogens such as Escherichia coli (ybaM), Dickeya solani, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Shigella flexneri. An rsmS mutant of Pectobacterium carotovorum ATCC39048 showed bypass of rsmB-dependent repression of PCWDEs and OHHL production. P. carotovorum ATCC39048 produces the β-lactam antibiotic, 1-carbapen-2-em-3-carboxylic acid (a carbapenem). Production of the antibiotic was repressed in an rsmB mutant but partially restored in an rsmB, rsmS double mutant. This work highlights the importance of RsmS, as a conserved pleiotropic regulator of virulence and antibiotic biosynthesis.",
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AU - Simpson, Natalie

AU - Williamson, Neil R.

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AB - Plant cell wall degrading enzymes (PCWDEs) are the primary virulence determinants of soft rotting bacteria such as the potato pathogen, Pectobacterium atrosepticum. The regulation of secondary metabolite (Rsm) system controls production of PCWDEs in response to changing nutrient conditions. This work identified a new suppressor of an rsmB mutation – ECA1172 or rsmS (rsmBsuppressor). Mutants defective in rsmB (encoding a small regulatory RNA), show reduced elaboration of the quorum sensing molecule (N-3-oxohexanoyl-homoserine lactone; OHHL) and PCWDEs. However, OHHL and PCWDE production were partially restored in an rsmB, rsmS double mutant. Single rsmS mutants, overproduced PCWDEs and OHHL relative to wild type P. atrosepticum and exhibited hypervirulence in potato. RsmS overproduction also resulted in increased PCWDEs and OHHL. Homology searches revealed rsmS conservation across pathogens such as Escherichia coli (ybaM), Dickeya solani, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Shigella flexneri. An rsmS mutant of Pectobacterium carotovorum ATCC39048 showed bypass of rsmB-dependent repression of PCWDEs and OHHL production. P. carotovorum ATCC39048 produces the β-lactam antibiotic, 1-carbapen-2-em-3-carboxylic acid (a carbapenem). Production of the antibiotic was repressed in an rsmB mutant but partially restored in an rsmB, rsmS double mutant. This work highlights the importance of RsmS, as a conserved pleiotropic regulator of virulence and antibiotic biosynthesis.

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