The role of the pediatrician in primary prevention of obesity

Committee on Nutrition

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The adoption of healthful lifestyles by individuals and families can result in a reduction in many chronic diseases and conditions of which obesity is the most prevalent. Obesity prevention, in addition to treatment, is an important public health priority. This clinical report describes the rationale for pediatricians to be an integral part of the obesity-prevention effort. In addition, the 2012 Institute of Medicine report "Accelerating Progress in Obesity Prevention" includes health care providers as a crucial component of successful weight control. Research on obesity prevention in the pediatric care setting as well as evidence-informed practical approaches and targets for prevention are reviewed. Pediatricians should use a longitudinal, developmentally appropriate life-course approach to help identify children early on the path to obesity and base prevention efforts on family dynamics and reduction in high-risk dietary and activity behaviors. They should promote a diet free of sugar-sweetened beverages, of fewer foods with high caloric density, and of increased intake of fruits and vegetables. It is also important to promote a lifestyle with reduced sedentary behavior and with 60 minutes of daily moderate to vigorous physical activity. This report also identifies important gaps in evidence that need to be filled by future research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e275-e292
JournalPediatrics
Volume136
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

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Primary Prevention
Obesity
Life Style
Food and Beverages
Health Priorities
National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine (U.S.) Health and Medicine Division
Family Relations
Health Personnel
Vegetables
Pediatricians
Fruit
Chronic Disease
Public Health
Exercise
Pediatrics
Diet
Weights and Measures
Research

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The role of the pediatrician in primary prevention of obesity. / Committee on Nutrition.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 136, No. 1, 01.01.2015, p. e275-e292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Committee on Nutrition. / The role of the pediatrician in primary prevention of obesity. In: Pediatrics. 2015 ; Vol. 136, No. 1. pp. e275-e292.
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