The role of temporal shifts in turnover processes: It's about time

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To better understand the process of organizational withdrawal, a turnover model incorporating dynamic predictors measured at 5 distinct points in time was examined by following a large occupationally and organizationally diverse sample over a 2-year period. Results demonstrated that turnover can be predicted by perceived costs of turnover, organizational commitment, and critical events measured soon after entry into the organization. Occupational unemployment rates, job satisfaction, and search for alternative jobs also become significant predictors when measured over time. Critical events predicted turnover in a manner distinct from the operation of attitudes, consistent with the unfolding model (Lee & Mitchell, 1994). The path to turnover was marked by consistently low perceived costs of turnover and satisfaction, decreases in commitment, and increases in job search over time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)644-658
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Applied Psychology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2005


  • Attitudes
  • Events
  • Satisfaction
  • Turnover
  • Withdrawal


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