The mAb anti-CD5 was linked to purified ricin A chain (RTA) or intact ricin (Rc) containing B chain to determine the role of ricin B chain in the intracellular trafficking of anti-CD5 immunotoxins (IT). IT were radiolabeled with iodine-125 and then studied for their subcellular compartmentalization in an acute lymphoblastic leukemia T cell line, CEM. Ricin A chain IT was not as toxic to CEM cells as Rc-IT in protein synthesis inhibition assays. This difference was not attributed to differential binding or modulation of the CD5 determinant from the cell surface as measured by FACS analysis. However, we found a relationship between the toxicity of anti-CD5-Rc and anti-CD5-RTA and their ability to traffic to CEM lysosomes. Kinetic analysis of the transfer of radioimmunotoxin to the lysosomes showed that anti-CD5-Rc was trafficked significantly more slowly than anti-CD5-RTA, perhaps due to an extended period of time in the Golgi compartment. The possibility of a Golgi interaction was tested by adding monensin, a carboxylic ionophore that interrupts trafficking through the Golgi, to cells treated with anti-CD5-RTA. The addition of monensin caused anti-CD5-RTA to traffic in a manner identical to anti-CD5-Rc. We conclude that 1) B chain slows trafficking of anti-CD5-Rc to the lysosomes; 2) the rate-limiting step in the toxicity difference between anti-CD5-Rc and anti-CD5-RTA is the rate of transfer to the lysosomes; and 3) trafficking through the Golgi may be important for anti-CD5-IT toxicity.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1989|