The Role of Preoperative Anemia in Predicting Short-Term Morbidity and Mortality After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass

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Abstract

Background: Preoperative anemia has been suggested as a contraindication to gastric bypass. Using the Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Accreditation and Quality Improvement database, this study sought to determine the role of preoperative hematocrit on 30-day morbidity and mortality after laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for weight loss. Methods: A cohort of 31 981 patients was reviewed for factors associated with a composite primary end point including 30-day reoperation, readmission, reintervention, or mortality, including degree of anemia. Analyzed separately by gender, factors significant on bivariate analysis were included in nominal logistic multivariate analysis to assess for independent significance of the hematocrit level as a risk factor for the primary end point. Results: Upon multivariate analysis, the hematocrit level was significantly associated with the 30-day end point in the male cohort (P =.05), specifically, severe anemia (hematocrit <35%) conferred an increased risk relative to a normal hematocrit (odds ratio 1.5, P =.03). There was no association of hematocrit with the 30-day end point in the female cohort. Conclusion: Bariatricians should carefully consider the appropriateness of a gastric bypass over a less anemogenic procedure such as sleeve gastrectomy in patients, particularly men with preoperative anemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1926-1933
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume87
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2021.

Keywords

  • anemia
  • bariatrics
  • gastric bypass
  • outcomes

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