The role of late-acquired structures in advanced oral proficiency

Paul A. Malovrh, Mandy R. Menke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations


The present chapter focuses on one aspect of Byrnes & Ortega's (2008) description of advancedness; it considers the notion of structural command, not merely in terms of accuracy, but also the multifunctional use of late-acquired complex structures, which we assert provides another window through which we should observe interlanguage (IL) development and advanced oral production. It defines late-acquired structures as those that consist of complex (multiple) form-meaning associations and are only learned once IL development has reached a stage in which L2 learners are able to notice, process, and produce target language on a multifunctional level involving multiple linguistic systems. This definition allows us to problematize advanced grammar in terms of how we identify it and how we understand advancedness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSecond Language Spanish. Definitions, challenges, and possibilities
EditorsMandy R. Menke, Paul A. Malovrh
PublisherJohn Benjamins Publishing Company
Number of pages20
ISBN (Electronic)9789027260321
StatePublished - Feb 8 2021

Publication series

NameIssues in Hispanic and Lusophone Linguistics
ISSN (Print)2213-3887

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Benjamins Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


  • Advanced proficiency
  • Concept-oriented approach
  • L2 Spanish
  • Late-acquired structures


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