The role of intellectual disability with autism spectrum disorder and the documented cooccurring conditions: A population-based study

Semra Etyemez, Amy Esler, Aniket Kini, Peng Chou Tsai, Monica DiRienzo, Matthew Maenner, Li Ching Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Previous research has identified that patterns of cooccurring conditions (CoCs) associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ based on the presence of intellectual disability (ID). This study explored the association of documented CoCs among 8-year-old children with ASD and ID (ASD+ID, n = 2416) and ASD without ID (ASD-ID, n = 5372) identified by the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network, surveillance years (SYs) 2012 and 2014. After adjusting for demographic variables, record source, surveillance site, and SY, children with ASD+ID, as compared with children with ASD-ID, were more likely to have histories of nonspecific developmental delays and neurological disorders documented in their records but were less likely to have behavioral and psychiatric disorders. ID plays a key role on how children with ASD would experience other CoCs. Our results emphasize how understanding the pattern of CoCs in ASD+ID and ASD-ID can inform comprehensive and multidisciplinary approaches in assessment and management of children in order to develop targeted interventions to reduce possible CoCs or CoCs-related impairments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2399-2408
Number of pages10
JournalAutism Research
Volume15
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Data collection was performed by the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network sites. We thank all of the dedicated staff at ADDM sites and at CDC, who enabled this research with their effort in data collection, data management, and clinician review. The findings and conclusion presented in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The authors declare no financial relationships or competing interests relevant to this article. Also many thanks to Dr. Ipek Özdemir for the fruitful discussions about this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 International Society for Autism Research and Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Keywords

  • autism spectrum disorder
  • autistic disorder
  • developmental disabilities
  • intellectual disability
  • nervous system diseases

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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