The Role of Gender‐related Information and Self‐Endorsement of Traits in Preadolescents' Inferences and Judgments

Thalma E. Lobel, Janine Bempechat, Jonathan C. Gewirtz, Tamar Shoken‐Topaz, Elinor Bashe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

The major purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a target child's gender typicality on different aspects of preadolescents' inferences and judgments. The secondary purpose of the study was to investigate the relation between children's self‐endorsement of traits and their inferences and judgments. Fifth and sixth graders were shown a video film, portraying a child playing either a gender‐appropriate game with members of the same sex or a gender‐inappropriate game with members of the other sex. In addition, subjects completed an adapted version of the BSRI and were categorized into sex‐typed, androgynous, and undifferentiated subjects. Subjects made a number of different types of judgments and inferences about the target, including inferences about traits, popularity, choice of gift and name, and willingness to engage in activities with the target. All types of inferences and judgments were affected by the variations in the targets' gender‐related behaviors, whereas self‐endorsement of traits was not related to the inferences and judgments. The results suggest that the gender typicality of the target behavior is salient to preadolescents, regardless of their sex‐role orientation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1285-1294
Number of pages10
JournalChild development
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1993

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