The role of basin-scale transgression and sediment compaction in stratiform copper mineralization: Implications from White Pine, Michigan, USA

J. B. Swenson, M. Person

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present a paleohydrologic model of stratiform copper mineralization in the Keweenawan Midcontinent Rift System. We attribute regional-scale mineralization in the basal facies of the transgressive Nonesuch Formation to compaction of the subjacent fluvial Copper Harbor Formation in response to deposition of the superjacent fluvial Freda Formation. The transgressive sequence focused compaction-driven discharge of cupriferous brines in the Copper Harbor Formation to the basin margins, where leakage into the overlying Nonesuch Formation drove redox-controlled copper precipitation. Intense fluid focusing atop a basement high formed the White Pine ore body. The timing of this simulated event is consistent with the inferred timing of stratiform mineralization. Our model satisfies mass-balance constraints at White Pine for a geologically plausible range of permeabilities and copper concentrations. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)239-243
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Geochemical Exploration
Volume69-70
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2000
EventGeofluids III - 3rd International Conference on Fluid Evolution, Migration and Interaction in Sedimentary Basins and Orogenic Belts - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: Jul 12 2000Jul 14 2000

Keywords

  • Midcontinent Rift System
  • Numerical modeling
  • Paleohydrogeology
  • Stratiform copper deposit

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