The Rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor PDZ-RhoGEF governs susceptibility to diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes

Ying Ju Chang, Scott Pownall, Thomas E. Jensen, Samar Mouaaz, Warren Foltz, Lily Zhou, Nicole Liadis, Minna Woo, Zhenyue Hao, Previn Dutt, Philip J. Bilan, Amira Klip, Tak Mak, Vuk Stambolic

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Abstract

Adipose tissue is crucial for the maintenance of energy and metabolic homeostasis and its deregulation can lead to obesity and type II diabetes (T2D). Using gene disruption in the mouse, we discovered a function for a RhoA-specific guanine nucleotide exchange factor PDZ-RhoGEF (Arhgef11) in white adipose tissue biology. While PDZ-RhoGEF was dispensable for a number of RhoA signaling-mediated processes in mouse embryonic fibroblasts, including stress fiber formation and cell migration, it’s deletion led to a reduction in their proliferative potential. On a whole organism level, PDZ-RhoGEF deletion resulted in an acute increase in energy expenditure, selectively impaired early adipose tissue development and decreased adiposity in adults. PDZ- RhoGEF-deficient mice were protected from diet-induced obesity and T2D. Mechanistically, PDZ- RhoGEF enhanced insulin/IGF-1 signaling in adipose tissue by controlling ROCK-dependent phosphorylation of the insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1). Our results demonstrate that PDZ- RhoGEF acts as a key determinant of mammalian metabolism and obesity-associated pathologies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere06011
JournaleLife
Volume4
Issue numberOCTOBER2015
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 29 2015

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Chang, Y. J., Pownall, S., Jensen, T. E., Mouaaz, S., Foltz, W., Zhou, L., Liadis, N., Woo, M., Hao, Z., Dutt, P., Bilan, P. J., Klip, A., Mak, T., & Stambolic, V. (2015). The Rho-guanine nucleotide exchange factor PDZ-RhoGEF governs susceptibility to diet-induced obesity and type 2 diabetes. eLife, 4(OCTOBER2015), [e06011]. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.06011