This study investigated the association between occlusion, oral habits and stress relative to the level of mandibular dysfunction in the total population and in specific diagnostic subgroups (normal, joint disorder, muscle disorder and joint/muscle disorder). A total of 269 nursing students were given a questionnaire and examination. The questionnaire included items to calculate an oral habit index and a social readjustment rating scale. The examination included items to calculate an occlusal index, two craniomandibular indices and a diagnostic criteria for specific subgroups. In the total population there was a positive association between mandibular dysfunction and three postulated risk factors. The total population was then divided into diagnostic subgroups. There was a positive association between the degree of mandibular dysfunction and parafunctional habits for normals, muscle disorders and joint/muscle disorders. There was a positive association between mandibular dysfunction and occlusion for normals only. Finally there was a positive association between mandibular dysfunction and stress for muscle disorders only. The results suggest that associations between postulated aetiologic factors and mandibular dysfunction vary depending on whether the subjects have a muscle and/or joint disorder. Since all associations were weak, other possible risk factors need to be investigated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Journal of Oral Rehabilitation|
|State||Published - May 1992|