Male rats were given daily sessions during which a palatable saccharin solution was available. Based on intakes averaged over 3 days, groups with low, intermediate, or high intake of saccharin were formed. These rats were then given daily sessions in which alcohol (2-8%) or water were available. Initially, sessions were conducted with rats on a food restriction schedule; in later sessions, food was available ad lib. When rats were food restricted, there were no differences among the groups in terms of alcohol or water intake. When the food restriction schedule was discontinued, alcohol intake in the intermediate and high saccharin intake groups was generally higher than that of the low saccharin group. On the final series of alcohol sessions, the high saccharin group consumed significantly more 2% and 6% alcohol than the low saccharin group. These results are consistent with reports which have found that rats selected for high or low alcohol intake have corresponding high and low intakes of saccharin.
- Oral drug intake
- Taste preference