The relationship between pre-, during-, post-treatment factors, and adolescent substance abuse behaviors

Sumin Hsieh, Norman G. Hoffmann, C.David Hollister

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines the relationships between pre-, during-, post- treatment variables, and treatment outcome by using a secondary data analysis of the 6- and 12-month posttreatment follow-up data from 2,317 adolescent subjects. Pre-treatment variables included in this study are psychosocial, family-related, substance abuse, and special event variables. During- treatment variables are length of stay and parental participation in treatment. Post-treatment variables cover the attendance of subsequent treatment/continuing care, such as AA/NA and CD aftercare, and parental attendance of subsequent treatment. Results from discriminant function analyses indicated that during- and post-treatment variables could differentiate the abstinence status at 6- and 12-month follow-ups. It was also shown that the posttreatment variable group exhibited the best classification accuracy among the three variable groups across both follow- up periods. Limitations in applying research findings and their implications for adolescent substance abuse treatment are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)477-488
Number of pages12
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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