P-glycoprotein (PGP) is a polymorphic efflux transporter located on the blood brain barrier that potentially affects the penetration of atypical antipsychotics into the central nervous system. Increased antipsychotic penetration to the primary site of activity may result in greater symptom improvement or the occurrence of side effects. This investigation examined the relationship between three common PGP polymorphisms (C1236T, G2677TA, and C3435T) and response to 6 weeks of open-label olanzapine treatment in patients with schizophrenia. Individuals with a PGP T allele at any of these polymorphisms would be expected to have greater antipsychotic penetration through the blood brain barrier, due to lower PGP activity.Forty-one patients were included in this reanalysis. For subjects in the 3435T allele carrier group, the plasma olanzapine level alone was positively associated with percent change in Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale score (p = 0.02). This relationship was not seen for the 3435CC group (p = 0.583). A similar trend was observed for negative symptom reduction, olanzapine plasma concentration, and the 3435T allele (p = 0.06), but this relationship did not meet statistical significance. There was no relationship between the PGP genotypes and changes in weight over the course of this 6 week study. The analysis using C1236T or G2677AT genotypes gave similar results, due to linkage of these polymorphisms.PGP polymorphisms may affect the penetration of olanzapine into the central nervous system as seen by a relationship between the 3435T allele, olanzapine plasma levels, and reduction in the positive symptoms of schizophrenia. This may stem from greater olanzapine central nervous system latency due to the presence of the 3435T allele and reduced PGP activity. The PGP C3435T genotype may help to determine positive symptom reduction from olanzapine clinically, but these findings should be replicated in a larger sample of subjects.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Therapeutic drug monitoring|
|State||Published - Oct 1 2006|
- Positive Symptoms
- Weight Gain