Study Design: Electronic survey administered to Scoliosis Research Society members. Objective: To determine the prevalence of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) techniques for the treatment of adult spinal deformity. Summary of Background Data: There is a paucity of data available on the practice pattern, prevalence of minimally invasive spine surgery, and the preferred minimally invasive techniques in the treatment of adult spine deformity. Methods: An electronic nine-question survey regarding individual usage pattern of minimally invasive spine surgery techniques was administered in 2016 to the members of the Scoliosis Research Society. Determinants included complexity in condition of patient population, prevalence of use of minimally invasive techniques in the surgeon's practice, prevalence of use of a particular MIS technique, strategy elected during surgery, adoption of staging of procedures and timing between staging of procedures. Results: A total of 357 surgeons responded (61.3% response rate), and 154 (43.1%) of the respondents said that they use MIS as a part of their surgical treatment of adult spinal deformity. However, of these 154 respondents, 67 (43.5%) said that their MIS usage in deformity practice was between 1% and 20%. Only 11 (7.2%) said that they used MIS 81% to 100% of the time. The top MIS approaches that surgeons chose were MIS lateral lumbar interbody fusion 109 (70.59%) and MIS percutaneous screws 91 (58.8%). Conclusions: The low rate of adoption of these techniques among the SRS members may be due to the false perception that there is not enough data to support that MIS techniques are better. This and the fact that a practitioner needs to be facile at different MIS techniques may be the true impediment to the adoption of MIS techniques in the treatment of ASD. Level of Evidence: Level IV.
- Adult spinal deformity
- MIS prevalence rates
- Minimally invasive spine surgery