The Prevalence and Correlates of Mental and Emotional Health Among American Indian Adults With Type 2 Diabetes

Melissa L. Walls, Benjamin D. Aronson, Garrett V. Soper, Michelle D. Johnson-Jennings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence and correlates of mental and emotional health factors among a sample of American Indian (Indigenous) adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Data are from a community-based participatory research project involving 2 Indigenous reservation communities. Data were collected from 218 Indigenous adults diagnosed with type 2 diabetes via in-person paper-and-pencil survey interviews. Reports of greater numbers of mental/emotional health problems were associated with increases in self-reported hyperglycemia, comorbid health problems, and health-impaired physical activities. This study addresses a gap in the literature by demonstrating the associations between various mental/emotional health factors and diabetes-related health problems for Indigenous Americans. Findings underscore the importance of holistic, integrated primary care models for more effective diabetes care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-328
Number of pages10
JournalThe Diabetes Educator
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Research reported in this paper was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health under Award Number MH085852 (M. Walls, Principal Investigator). The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health.

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