OBJECTIVE: Prior studies on the predictive value of intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG) have been performed on heterogeneous groups of patients with both temporal and extratemporal interictal spikes, lesional and nonlesional pathological findings, and variably extensive resections by different surgeons. METHODS: We performed both pre- and postresection intraoperative ECoG on 29 consecutive patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (17 left-sided) who underwent standard nontailored resections by one surgeon (RRG). All patients had only temporal interictal spikes (six bitemporal) and mesial temporal sclerosis diagnosed by preoperative magnetic resonance imaging and confirmed by pathological examination of resected tissue. RESULTS: After a mean follow-up of 24.8 months, there were 15 (52%) patients who were seizure-free, 6 (21%) who were seizure-free except for auras, and 8 (28%) who had any seizure after the 1st postoperative month. Fourteen patients (48%) had active interictal discharges outside the area of planned resection revealed by preresection ECoG. Neither the presence of these spikes nor their mean frequency correlated with seizure outcome. Eleven patients (38%) had residual spike discharges after resection, and 18 patients (62%) had new spikes revealed by the postresection ECoG. Neither of these findings nor the mean spike frequency of residual or new spikes related to seizure outcome. Persistent spikes increased in frequency after resection in all outcome groups. CONCLUSION: Electrocorticographic monitoring of interictal epileptiform activity intraoperatively is not useful in the surgical treatment of patients undergoing standard resection for medial temporal lobe epilepsy with magnetic resonance imaging evidence of mesial temporal sclerosis.
- Mesial temporal sclerosis
- Temporal lobe