The Pluralities of Black Geographies

Adam Bledsoe, Willie Jamaal Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations


This paper seeks to spur conversations around the inherent pluralities found within Black Geographies. While analyses of Black Geographies have provided important reflections on the spatial imaginaries and practices of Black populations, less attention has been paid to the differences found among Black geographical expressions. This piece therefore seeks to draw out the ways in which Black people uniquely conceive of space by highlighting the distinctions present within different Black social movements. The authors explore the spatial politics of the Universal Negro Improvement Association, the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense, and the Provisional Government of the Republic of New Afrika to argue that while these three movements all attempted to create spaces of Black self-determination, they did so with distinct spatial aspirations and concrete politics. The authors argue that recognising and accounting for the pluralities of Black spatial creation is necessary for realising more just geographies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-437
Number of pages19
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Author. Antipode © 2018 Antipode Foundation Ltd.


  • Black Geographies
  • Black Panthers
  • Garveyism
  • Republic of New Afrika
  • political movements


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