The Placement of Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms Within a Five-Factor Model of Maladaptive Personality

Samuel E. Cooper, Christopher Hunt, Sara M. Stasik-O’Brien, Hannah E Berg, Shmuel Lissek, David Watson, Robert F. Krueger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Dimensional models of obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms, as seen in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), are instrumental in explaining the heterogeneity observed in this condition and for informing cutting-edge assessments. Prior structural work in this area finds that OC symptoms cross-load under both Negative Affectivity and Psychoticism traits within the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th ed.; DSM-5) Alternative Model of Personality Disorder (AMPD). However, tests of OC symptoms in conjunction with assessments of the full AMPD structure and its 25 lower-level facets representing narrower symptom content are lacking. We applied joint exploratory factor analysis to an AMPD measure (Personality Inventory for DSM-5; PID-5) and OC symptom data from two separate samples (total N = 1,506) to locate OC symptoms within AMPD space. OC symptoms cross-loaded on Negative Affectivity, Psychoticism, and on the low end of Disinhibition. We also report exploratory analyses of OC symptom subscales with PID-5 variables. Results are discussed in the context OC symptoms’ location in PID-5 space, implications for assessment, and placement of OCD within the Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)891-906
Number of pages16
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • Alternative Model of Personality Disorder for DSM-5
  • dimensional psychopathology
  • joint exploratory factor analysis
  • maladaptive personality
  • obsessive-compulsive disorder

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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