The peroxynitrite product 3-nitro-L-tyrosine attenuates the hemodynamic responses to angiotensin II in vivo

Neil W. Kooy, Stephen J. Lewis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Peroxynitrite is a potent oxidant formed endogenously by the near diffusion-limited reaction of nitric oxide with superoxide anion. Peroxynitrite specifically adds a nitro group to the ortho position of the phenolic ring of free and protein-associated tyrosines to form the stable product 3-nitro-L-tyrosine. Systemic administration of 3-nitro-L-tyrosine markedly inhibits the subsequent hemodynamic responses to α1- and β-adrenoceptor agonists in anesthetized rats. Angiotensin II is an important modulator of vascular tone. The vasoconstrictor effects of this hormone are known to involve the release of catecholamines from sympathetic tissues. In the present study, we examined whether 3-nitro-L-tyrosine (2.5 μmol/kg i.v.) would attenuate the hemodynamic responses produced by angiotensin II (0.1-1.0 μg/kg i.v.). Angiotensin II produced increases in mean arterial pressure, and renal and mesenteric vascular resistances, but no changes in hindquarter vascular resistance. The presser and renal and mesenteric vasoconstrictor responses produced by angiotensin II were significantly attenuated 30-60 min following the administration of 3-nitro-L-tyrosine. Further attenuation of these responses was evident 120-180 min following the administration of 3-nitro-L-tyrosine. The α1-adrenoceptor antagonist prazosin also diminished the presser and renal and mesenteric vasoconstrictor responses produced by angiotensin II. These results demonstrate that 3-nitro-L-tyrosine inhibits the hemodynamic responses to angiotensin II, possibly through the inhibition of α1-adrenoceptor-mediated events. The effect of 3-nitro-L-tyrosine on the hemodynamic action of angiotensin II raises the possibility that 3-nitro-L-tyrosine may be involved in the pathogenesis of the hemodynamic disturbances associated with inflammatory conditions, such as atherosclerosis, ischemia-reperfusion, and sepsis, where formation of peroxynitrite is favored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-170
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume315
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 1996

Keywords

  • Angiotensin II
  • Hemodynamics, in vivo
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitrotyrosine
  • Peroxynitrite
  • Superoxide

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