The perimetropolitan bow wave

J. F. Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Scopus citations


The periphery of every American metropolis has an irregular zone where the least intensive urban landuses are steadily displacing the most intensive rural ones. This urban-rural fringe is the new metropolitan frontier, a perimetropolitan bow wave pushes outward as the vanguard of urban expansion. The fringe for one generation becomes a suburban zone for the next, and the agricultural activities are pushed farther out to a new fringe. A case study of the region within a 50-mile radius of Times Squares in New York City illustrates the bow-wave phenomenon. -Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-51
Number of pages17
JournalGeographical Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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