The perimetropolitan bow wave

J. F. Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations


The periphery of every American metropolis has an irregular zone where the least intensive urban landuses are steadily displacing the most intensive rural ones. This urban-rural fringe is the new metropolitan frontier, a perimetropolitan bow wave pushes outward as the vanguard of urban expansion. The fringe for one generation becomes a suburban zone for the next, and the agricultural activities are pushed farther out to a new fringe. A case study of the region within a 50-mile radius of Times Squares in New York City illustrates the bow-wave phenomenon. -Author

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-51
Number of pages17
JournalGeographical Review
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991


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