The partitioning of gross primary production for young Eucalyptus tereticornis trees under experimental warming and altered water availability

John E. Drake, Mark G. Tjoelker, Michael J. Aspinwall, Peter B. Reich, Sebastian Pfautsch, Craig V.M. Barton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The allocation of carbon (C) is an important component of tree physiology that influences growth and ecosystem C storage. Allocation is challenging to measure, and its sensitivity to environmental changes such as warming and altered water availability is uncertain. We exposed young Eucalyptus tereticornis trees to +3°C warming and elimination of summer precipitation in the field using whole-tree chambers. We calculated C allocation terms using detailed measurements of growth and continuous whole-crown CO 2 and water exchange measurements. Trees grew from small saplings to nearly 9 m height during this 15-month experiment. Warming accelerated growth and leaf area development, and it increased the partitioning of gross primary production (GPP) to aboveground respiration and growth while decreasing partitioning below ground. Eliminating summer precipitation reduced C gain and growth but did not impact GPP partitioning. Trees utilized deep soil water and avoided strongly negative water potentials. Warming increased growth respiration, but maintenance respiration acclimated homeostatically. The increasing growth in the warmed treatment resulted in higher rates of respiration, even with complete acclimation of maintenance respiration. Warming-induced stimulations of tree growth likely involve increased C allocation above ground, particularly to leaf area development, whereas reduced water availability may not stimulate allocation to roots.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1298-1312
Number of pages15
JournalNew Phytologist
Volume222
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2019

Keywords

  • allocation
  • climate change
  • drought
  • partitioning
  • respiration
  • warming

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The partitioning of gross primary production for young Eucalyptus tereticornis trees under experimental warming and altered water availability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this