The Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury: Triangulum Extended Region (PHATTER). I. Ultraviolet to Infrared Photometry of 22 Million Stars in M33

Benjamin F. Williams, Meredith J. Durbin, Julianne J. Dalcanton, Dustin Lang, Leo Girardi, Adam Smercina, Andrew Dolphin, Daniel R. Weisz, Yumi Choi, Eric F. Bell, Erik Rosolowsky, Evan Skillman, Eric W. Koch, Christina W. Lindberg, Lea Hagen, Karl D. Gordon, Anil Seth, Karoline Gilbert, Puragra Guhathakurta, Tod LauerLuciana Bianchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present panchromatic resolved stellar photometry for 22 million stars in the Local Group dwarf spiral Triangulum (M33), derived from Hubble Space Telescope observations with the Advanced Camera for Surveys in the optical (F475W, F814W), and the Wide Field Camera 3 in the near-ultraviolet (F275W, F336W) and near-infrared (F110W, F160W) bands. The large, contiguous survey area covers ∼14 square kpc and extends to 3.5 kpc (14′, or 1.5-2 scale lengths) from the center of M33. The PHATTER observing strategy and photometry technique closely mimics that of Panchromatic Hubble Andromeda Treasury, but with updated photometry techniques that take full advantage of all overlapping pointings (aligned to within <5-10 milliarcseconds) and improved treatment of spatially varying point-spread functions. The photometry reaches a completeness-limited depth of F475W∼28.5 in the lowest surface density regions observed in M33 and F475W∼26.5 in the most crowded regions found near the center of M33. We find the young populations trace several relatively tight arms, while the old populations show a clear, looser two-armed structure. We present extensive analysis of the data quality, including artificial star tests to quantify completeness, photometric uncertainties, and flux biases. This stellar catalog is the largest ever produced for M33, and is publicly available for download by the community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number53
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Volume253
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2021

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© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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