The Origins and Early Evolution of Epidemiologic Research in Cardiovascular Diseases: A Tabular Record of Cohort and Case-Control Studies and Preventive Trials Initiated from 1946 to 1976

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Abstract

This article serves as a ready reference guide to the pioneering formal studies in cardiovascular disease (CVD) epidemiology initiated during 3 decades of the subject's evolution into an established academic field that contributed to the public health. The article is not intended to be a history of CVD epidemiology or an editorial about its significance. The appended tables include the titles and starting dates of the early studies, the names of their principal investigators, and references to a single defining article from each. The early observational studies of CVD epidemiology provided a widely useful CVD risk-factor paradigm. The early clinical trials justified the more definitive preventive trials of the 1980s and beyond. This early research in populations, along with others in clinics and laboratories, led to greater understanding of the causes of CVD, to a vigorous practice of preventive cardiology, and to national policy and programs of health promotion, all of which were coincident with a 50-year decline in CVD mortality rates.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume188
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • case-control studies
  • cohort studies
  • trials

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Historical Article
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

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