We report on Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) astrometry and Chandra imaging of PSR J0538+2817 in the supernova remnant S147. We measure a parallax distance of 1.47-0.27+0.42 kpc along with a high-precision proper motion, giving a transverse velocity V⊥ = 400-73+114 km s-1. A small extended wind nebula is detected around the pulsar; the symmetry axis of this structure suggests that the spin axis lies 12° ± 4° from the velocity vector (two-dimensional), but the emission is too faint for robust model-independent statements. The neutron star is hot, consistent with the young ∼40 kyr kinematic age. The pulsar progenitor is likely a runaway from a nearby cluster, with NGC 1960 (M36) a leading candidate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Issue number||1 I|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2007|
- Stars: kinematics
- Supernovae: individual (S147)