The Multinational Enterprise as an Organization

D. Eleanor Westney, Srilata Zaheer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

16 Scopus citations


An essential feature of the MNE is that internationalization of activities is a process that unfolds across time and space. Historically, a company typically started as a domestic enterprise and became more international over time, as the number of countries in which it operated, the number of subunits which it had to manage, and the range of activities in which it was engaged, expanded. The basic assumption that the activities and features of its organization would change predictably with internationalization has given models of the MNE a strongly evolutionary character. Although evolutionary theory has often been associated with highly deterministic theories of environmental selection, there are many variants that allow for strategic choices and for multiple evolutionary paths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of International Business (2 ed.)
PublisherOxford University Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780191577086
ISBN (Print)9780199234257
StatePublished - Sep 2 2009

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Oxford University Press, 2009. All rights reserved.


  • Deterministic theories
  • Domestic enterprise
  • Environmental selection
  • Internationalization
  • Multinational enterprises
  • Strategic choices


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