The mrfit behavior pattern study: II. Type a behavior and incidence of coronary heart disease

Richard B. Shekelle, Stephen B. Hulley, Jim Neaton, James H. Billings, Nemat O. Borhani, Terence A. Gerace, David R Jacobs Jr, Norman L. Lasser, Maurice B. Mittlemark, Jeremiah Stamler

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Abstract

Behavior pattern was assessed by interview for 3,110 men at eight centers in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (1973-1976). The Type A pattern was not significantly associated with risk of first major coronary events (coronary death and definite nonfatal myocardial infarction) after a mean follow-up of 7.1 years. Crude relative risks for Types A1-A2 versus X-B were 1.08 in usual care, 0.82 in special intervention, and 0.92 overall. Adjustment for age, blood pressure, cigarette smoking, serum cholesterol, consumption of alcohol, and educational attainment yielded relative risks of 0.99 in usual care, 0.81 in special intervention, and 0.87 overall (95% confidence interval = 0.59-1.28). The Jenkins Activity Survey Type A score, obtained for 12,772 men at all 22 centers, was also not significantly associated with risk of first major coronary events. Overall, crude risks in the lowest (Type B) through highest (Type A) quintiles of the score's distribution were 5.0%, 4.4%, 4.0%, 4.3%, and 4.1%, respectively. The proportional hazards regression coefficient, adjusted for the variables listed above, was -0.006 (95% confidence interval = -0.015-0.003). These results raise questions regarding the robustness of the Type A hypothesis in its present form. Further studies are needed to investigate these questions and to evaluate the validity of procedures used to assess behavior patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)559-570
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of epidemiology
Volume122
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1985

Keywords

  • Coronary disease
  • Psychological tests
  • Psychology
  • Stress

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    Shekelle, R. B., Hulley, S. B., Neaton, J., Billings, J. H., Borhani, N. O., Gerace, T. A., Jacobs Jr, D. R., Lasser, N. L., Mittlemark, M. B., & Stamler, J. (1985). The mrfit behavior pattern study: II. Type a behavior and incidence of coronary heart disease. American journal of epidemiology, 122(4), 559-570. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aje.a114135