The Modifying Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status on the Change in Physical Activity From Elementary to Middle School

Daheia J Barr-Anderson, Jennifer I. Flynn, Marsha Dowda, Sharon E. Taverno Ross, Michaela A. Schenkelberg, Lauren A. Reid, Russell R. Pate

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Youth physical activity (PA) levels differ by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status (SES). It is well established that various multilevel factors may influence changes in PA. The present study examined whether the association between the change in individual, interpersonal, and environmental factors and the change in PA is modified by race/ethnicity or SES. Methods This study followed 643 youths and their parents from suburban and rural South Carolina participating in the Transitions and Activity Changes in Kids (TRACK) Study in 2008–2009 and 2010–2011. We assessed total PA in youth using accelerometry and categorized youth and parent survey data into blocks based on the socioecological model. Multivariate regression growth curve models evaluated whether the association between change in independent variables and change in PA was modified by race/ethnicity or SES. Results PA declined from fifth to seventh grade among all racial/ethnic and SES groups. Associations between the range of variables and change in PA were modified by race/ethnicity but not SES. Blacks did not share any common predictors of change in PA with whites or Hispanics. However, child-reported number of active friends was associated with total PA, and enjoyment of PA was associated with change in PA among both whites and Hispanics. Significant interactions by time varied by racial/ethnic group. Conclusions The factors that influence changes in youth PA vary by race/ethnicity but not SES. These findings reinforce the complex nature of addressing PA behavior in diverse samples and further support the need for culturally appropriate interventions to promote PA in youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)562-570
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Volume61
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2017

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Social Class
Exercise
Hispanic Americans
Accelerometry
Ethnic Groups
Parents

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Physical activity
  • Race/ethnicity
  • Socioeconomic status
  • Youth

Cite this

The Modifying Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status on the Change in Physical Activity From Elementary to Middle School. / Barr-Anderson, Daheia J; Flynn, Jennifer I.; Dowda, Marsha; Taverno Ross, Sharon E.; Schenkelberg, Michaela A.; Reid, Lauren A.; Pate, Russell R.

In: Journal of Adolescent Health, Vol. 61, No. 5, 01.11.2017, p. 562-570.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barr-Anderson, Daheia J ; Flynn, Jennifer I. ; Dowda, Marsha ; Taverno Ross, Sharon E. ; Schenkelberg, Michaela A. ; Reid, Lauren A. ; Pate, Russell R. / The Modifying Effects of Race/Ethnicity and Socioeconomic Status on the Change in Physical Activity From Elementary to Middle School. In: Journal of Adolescent Health. 2017 ; Vol. 61, No. 5. pp. 562-570.
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