The mechanism of coronary collateral vasoconstriction in response to cyclooxygenase blockade

John D. Altman, Robert J Bache

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study was performed to examine the mechanism by which cyclooxygenase blockade produces vasoconstriction in well-developed coronary collateral vessels. Eight dogs were studied 4 to 6 months after occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) had been performed to stimulate collateral vessel growth. At the time of study, the LAD was cannulated at the site of occlusion for measurement of retrograde blood flow as an index of collateral blood flow. Levels of 6-ketoprostaglandin F(1α) were 32±13% higher in blood diverted from the collateral-dependent LAD than in aortic blood (P<.05); the increase in this stable product of prostacyclin metabolism indicated production of prostacyclin across the coronary collateral system. Administration of arachidonic acid into the left main coronary artery to reach collateral vessels entering the LAD resulted in a 21±6% increase in retrograde flow (P<.01), demonstrating cyclooxygenase activity with production of vasodilator prostaglandins in the collateral system. Ibuprofen (10 mg/kg IV) caused a 55±7% decrease in retrograde flow (P<.03), suggesting that cyclooxygenase blockade inhibited tonic production of vasodilator prostaglandins in the collateral system. In contrast, neither thromboxane synthase inhibition with dazmegrel nor thromboxane receptor blockade with SQ 30741 caused a significant change in collateral flow, thus failing to support thromboxane-induced collateral constriction. After cyclooxygenase blockade, prostacyclin infused into the left main coronary artery was able to restore retrograde flow to the preibuprofen level. In contrast, lipoxygenase blockade with BW A4C (3.4 mg/kg IV) did not increase retrograde flow, indicating that the decreased collateral flow after cyclooxygenase blockade was not the result of increased production of vasoconstrictor leukotrienes. These findings support the concept that collateral vasoconstriction produced by cyclooxygenase blockade is the result of inhibition of the tonic production of vasodilator prostaglandins within the collateral system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-317
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation research
Volume74
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1994

Keywords

  • coronary blood flow
  • ibuprofen
  • lipoxygenase
  • prostaglandins
  • thromboxane A

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