The mathematics skills of children with reading difficulties

Rose K. Vukovic, Nonie K. Lesaux, Linda S. Siegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Scopus citations


Although many children with reading difficulty (RD) are reported to struggle with mathematics, little research has empirically investigated whether this is the case for different types of RD. This study examined the mathematics skills of third graders with one of two types of RD: dyslexia (n= 18) or specific reading comprehension difficulty (n= 22), as contrasted to a comparison group (n= 247). Children's performance on arithmetic fact fluency, operations, and applied problems was assessed using standardized measures. The results indicated that children with dyslexia experienced particular difficulty with arithmetic fact fluency and operations: they were 5.60 times and 8.54 times more likely than other children to experience deficits in fact fluency and operations, respectively. Our findings related to arithmetic fact fluency were more consistent with domain-general explanations of the co-morbidity between RD and mathematics difficulty, whereas our findings related to operations were more consistent with domain-specific accounts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)639-643
Number of pages5
JournalLearning and Individual Differences
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010


  • Arithmetic fact fluency
  • Dyslexia
  • Mathematics achievement
  • Reading difficulties

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