The manager-salesperson relationship: An exploratory examination of the vertical-dyad linkage model

Stephen B. Castleberry, John F. Tanner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Scopus citations


The Vertical-Dyad-Linkage Model (VDL) is offered as a tool to explore the infrastructure of a sales team. Building on the philosophy found in most sales management literature that salespersons are to be managed as individuals, VDL theory allows an exploration of the underlying social organization that is present in all sales forces. Thus, the style that a manager uses with a particular salesperson will vary depending on the exchange relationship established (cadres, hired hands). The objectives of the paper are to explore the general tenets of VDL theory, to assimilate the theory in sales management, to provide implications for sales managers and salespeople, and to discuss the important implications for sales management research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-37
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Personal Selling and Sales Management
Issue number3
StatePublished - Nov 1986


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