The M81 group dwarf irregular galaxy DDO 165. I. High-velocity neutral gas in a post-starburst system

John M. Cannon, Hans P. Most, Evan D. Skillman, Daniel R. Weisz, David Cook, Andrew E. Dolphin, Robert C. Kennicutt, Janice Lee, Anil Seth, Fabian Walter, Steven R. Warren

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17 Scopus citations


We present new multi-configuration Very Large Array H I spectral line observations of the M81 group dwarf irregular post-starburst galaxy DDO 165. The H I morphology is complex, with multiple column density peaks surrounding a large region of very low H I surface density that is offset from the center of the stellar distribution. The bulk of the neutral gas is associated with the southern section of the galaxy; a secondary peak in the north contains 15% of the total H I mass. These components appear to be kinematically distinct, suggesting that either tidal processes or large-scale blowout have recently shaped the interstellar medium (ISM) of DDO 165. Using spatially resolved position-velocity maps, we find multiple localized high-velocity gas features. Cross-correlating with radius-velocity analyses, we identify eight shell/hole structures in the ISM with a range of sizes (400-900pc) and expansion velocities (7-11kms-1). These structures are compared with narrow- and broadband imaging from the Kitt Peak National Observatory and the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). Using the latter data, recent works have shown that DDO 165's previous "burst" phase was extended temporally (≳1Gyr). We thus interpret the high-velocity gas features, H I holes, and kinematically distinct components of the galaxy in the context of the immediate effects of "feedback" from recent star formation (SF). In addition to creating H I holes and shells, extended SF events are capable of creating localized high-velocity motion of the surrounding interstellar material. A companion paper connects the energetics from the H I and HST data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number35
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011


  • galaxies: dwarf
  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: individual (DDO 165)
  • galaxies: irregular

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