The Low-redshift Lyman Continuum Survey. I. New, Diverse Local Lyman Continuum Emitters

Sophia R. Flury, Anne E. Jaskot, Harry C. Ferguson, Gábor Worseck, Kirill Makan, John Chisholm, Alberto Saldana-Lopez, Daniel Schaerer, Stephan McCandliss, Bingjie Wang, N. M. Ford, Timothy Heckman, Zhiyuan Ji, Mauro Giavalisco, Ricardo Amorin, Hakim Atek, Jeremy Blaizot, Sanchayeeta Borthakur, Cody Carr, Marco CastellanoStefano Cristiani, Stephane De Barros, Mark Dickinson, Steven L. Finkelstein, Brian Fleming, Fabio Fontanot, Thibault Garel, Andrea Grazian, Matthew Hayes, Alaina Henry, Valentin Mauerhofer, Genoveva Micheva, M. S. Oey, Goran Ostlin, Casey Papovich, Laura Pentericci, Swara Ravindranath, Joakim Rosdahl, Michael Rutkowski, Paola Santini, Claudia Scarlata, Harry Teplitz, Trinh Thuan, Maxime Trebitsch, Eros Vanzella, Anne Verhamme, Xinfeng Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

79 Scopus citations


The origins of Lyman continuum (LyC) photons responsible for the reionization of the universe are as of yet unknown and highly contested. Detecting LyC photons from the Epoch of Reionization is not possible due to absorption by the intergalactic medium, which has prompted the development of several indirect diagnostics to infer the rate at which galaxies contribute LyC photons to reionize the universe by studying lower-redshift analogs. We present the Low-redshift Lyman Continuum Survey (LzLCS) comprising measurements made with the Hubble Space Telescope Cosmic Origins Spectrograph for a z = 0.2-0.4 sample of 66 galaxies. After careful processing of the far-UV spectra, we obtain a total of 35 Lyman continuum emitters (LCEs) detected with 97.725% confidence, nearly tripling the number of known local LCEs. We estimate escape fractions from the detected LyC flux and upper limits on the undetected LyC flux, finding a range of LyC escape fractions up to 50%. Of the 35 LzLCS LCEs, 12 have LyC escape fractions greater than 5%, more than doubling the number of known local LCEs with cosmologically relevant LyC escape.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1
JournalAstrophysical Journal, Supplement Series
Issue number1
StatePublished - May 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Support for this work was provided by NASA through grant No. HST-GO-15626 from the Space Telescope Science Institute. Additional work was based on observations made with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained from the data archive at the Space Telescope Science Institute from HST proposals 13744, 14635, 15341, and 15639. STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc. under NASA contract NAS 5-26555.

Funding Information:
R.A. acknowledges support from ANID Fondecyt Regular 1202007.

Funding Information:
Funding for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey IV has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, and the Participating Institutions. SDSS-IV acknowledges support and resources from the Center for High Performance Computing at the University of Utah. The SDSS website is . SDSS-IV is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS Collaboration.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.


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