The lifecycle of topographically-generated internal waves

Ruth Musgrave, Sam Kelly, Friederike Pollmann, Maxim Nikurashin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Scopus citations


The dissipation and mixing associated with topographically generated internal waves form a critical component of ocean physics. In this chapter, we present a review of the basic components of their lifecycle, describing their generation, propagation, and interactions with mean flows, topography, and other internal gravity waves. Because of their established importance for ocean mixing, we focus on the distinct energy pathways towards dissipation of internal tides and lee waves. We close the chapter with a discussion of outstanding questions in this area of research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationOcean Mixing
Subtitle of host publicationDrivers, Mechanisms and Impacts
Number of pages28
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-12-821512-8
ISBN (Print)9780128215135
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


  • Conversion
  • Internal tides
  • Lee waves
  • Ocean mixing
  • Parameterisations
  • Topographic scattering
  • Turbulent dissipation
  • Wave-mean flow interactions
  • Wave-wave interactions


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