The leadership baseline: Assessing servant leadership and leadership self-efficacy in first-year health professions students

Caleb Murphy, Elizabeth Campbell, Patrick Boland, Brian Sick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Despite the importance of a collaborative leadership approach for successful interprofessional practice, little is known about the leadership capabilities and attitudes of health professions students at the beginning of their educational program. Purpose: Evaluate the association of self-perceived servant leadership (SL) and leadership self-efficacy (LSE) ability with degree program and demographics of first-semester health professions students. Method: A survey measuring SL and LSE was administered to 1014 students from 17 academic programs enrolled in the first semester of an interprofessional health curriculum. Discussion: 453 students (45%) responded to the survey. No individual academic program differences for either SL or LSE were identified on post-hoc testing. SL and LSE scores were correlated with additional previous leadership roles and previous leadership trainings. Lower socioeconomic status was associated with higher total SL score (p < 0.001). No significant difference in total SL or LSE scores was found with respect to gender, race, sexual orientation, or political ideology. Conclusions: This single-site, cross-sectional evaluation of leadership self-perception identified an exposure-dependent increase in SL and LSE scores with additional leadership experience (both leadership training and leadership roles) along with higher SL scores in students from low socioeconomic status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number100354
JournalJournal of Interprofessional Education and Practice
Volume20
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier Inc.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • Evaluation
  • Interprofessional collaboration
  • Interprofessional education
  • Leadership
  • Surveys

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