In previous studies we have observed that the K(m) for ethylmorphine N-demethylase was only 50 to 100 μM in the isolated hepatocyte as opposed to 250 to 340 μM in isolated microsomes. These data suggested that either the drug is actively transported into the cell or that the enzymes in the cell had a reduced turnover number. Our current study indicates that ethylmorphine is transported into the hepatocyte with a K(m) of 250 μM and Tm of 20 nmol/min 106 cells. On the basis of temperature and inhibitor studies, this would appear to be active transport. When the turnover number of the ethylmorphine N-demethylase was decreased by reducing the oxygen from 20% of the gas phase to 5%, the activity was partially uncompetitively inhibited with the K(m) decreasing from 182 to 105 μM. The V(m) decreased from 1.85 nmol/min 106 to 0.71 nmol/min 106 cells. These data suggest that the low K(m) we initially observed was probably due to active transport of the substrate into the hepatocyte. Further, our observations indicate that the effects of oxygen pressure on the kinetic parameters should be considered in predicting in vivo kinetics from in vitro studies.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1982|