The kappa-opioid antagonist GNTI reduces U50,488-, DAMGO-, and deprivation-induced feeding, but not butorphanol- and neuropeptide Y-induced feeding in rats

David C. Jewett, Martha K. Grace, Robert M. Jones, Charles J. Billington, Phillip S. Portoghese, Allen S. Levine

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Antagonists selective for either kappa- [e.g. nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI)] and mu- (e.g. beta-funaltrexamine) opioid receptors have previously been shown to reduce both kappa- and mu-opioid-induced feeding. In the present studies, the anorectic effects of GNTI, a newly synthesized antagonist selective for kappa-opioid receptors, were studied in rats. GNTI (0.032-0.32 nmol; i.c.v.), administered 15 min prior to food access, reduced feeding induced by the kappa-opioid agonist U50,488 (producing a 70% maximal decrease), the mu-opioid agonist DAMGO (90% maximal decrease), and 24 h acute food deprivation (60% maximal decrease). GNTI did not reduce the orexigenic effects of butorphanol, an agonist that binds to both kappa- and mu-opioid receptors, and neuropeptide Y (NPY). Taken together, these results suggest that GNTI is a potent anorectic agent and opioid antagonist in rats. Like nor-BNI, GNTI reduced feeding induced by both kappa- and mu-opioid agonists. However, unlike nor-BNI, GNTI did not alter the orexigenic effects of butorphanol or NPY. Given the selectivity of GNTI and its effectiveness in several of the present experiments, its potency, and its short duration of action compared to nor-BNI, GNTI may serve to be a useful tool to study behavioral effects mediated by kappa-opioid receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-80
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Aug 3 2001



  • Eating
  • Feeding
  • GNTI
  • Kappa-opioid
  • Rat

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