The intermicellar bile salt concentration in equilibrium with the mixed-micelles of human bile

William C. Duane

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36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The intermicellar bile salt concentration in equilibrium with the bile salt-lecithin-cholesterol mixed-micelle has been studied in human bile. Equilibrium-dialysis, used to measure the biliary intermicellar bile salt concentration, has been validated as an applicable method by studying the cholate-lecithin mixedmicelle, for which intermicellar bile salt concentration values have previously been reported. The intermicellar bile salt concentration of bile was essentially independent of ionic strength in the range 0.05-0.15 M chloride. Simple dilution of bile lowered the intermicellar bile salt concentration (about 2 3 reduction for each two-fold dilution). This reduction occurred because of a simultaneous decrease in the molar ratio of bile salt/phospholipid in the micelle. Dilution of micelles with micellar bile salt/phospholipid held constant did not affect the intermicellar bile salt concentration. The relationship between intermicellar bile salt concentration and micellar bile salt /phospholipid, defined in the dilution studies, was linear in the range of study. For a composite of five biles, this relationship was described by the equation: intermicellar bile salt concentration = 1.27 (bile salt/phospholipid) + 0.538. Data obtained on an artificial bile agreed closely with the results obtained on bile suggesting that the other constituents of bile did not affect this analysis. These findings may be helpful in understanding the process of micellar cholesterol solubilization in bile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-286
Number of pages12
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Volume398
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 25 1975

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