The Influence of Stereotype Threat and Implicit Theories of Emotion on Gender Differences in Emotional Intelligence

Randi A. Doyle, Ashley E. Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study investigated the effects of stereotype threat on emotional intelligence (EI) performance and the utility of implicit theories of emotion (ITE; fixed/growth mind-set) to reduce stereotype threat effects. In Experiment 1, 186 adults received one of four EI stereotype conditions (threat, boost, nullified threat, and control) and then completed measures of ability-based EI and ITE. The results revealed that women outperform men in the “threat to men” and control conditions and that ITE moderated this gender difference. In the nullified threat condition, men with a growth mind-set outperformed men with a fixed mind-set. In Experiment 2, EI stereotypes and ITE were manipulated. The results from 452 adults indicated that the ITE manipulation affected men’s EI performance but not women’s. Overall, men adopting a growth mind-set demonstrated trends in which they outperformed men adopting a fixed mind-set. Implications related to the reduction of gender disparities in EI performance are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-155
Number of pages25
JournalThe Journal of Men's Studies
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 5 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 SAGE Publications.

Keywords

  • emotional intelligence
  • gender differences
  • implicit theories
  • mind-set
  • stereotypes

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