The influence of light rail transit on transit use: An exploration of station area residents along the Hiawatha line in Minneapolis

Jason Cao, Jessica Schoner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rail transit is often implemented in the corridors already with high transit demand. When evaluating their ridership benefits, previous studies often choose the city/county/region as control groups, rather than comparable corridors without rail, and hence overstate their impacts. In this study, we employ propensity score matching to explore the impact of Hiawatha light rail transit (LRT) on transit use. We find that compared to residents in similar urban corridors, the Hiawatha LRT promotes transit use of residents who have lived in the corridor before its opening, and that residents who moved to the corridor after its opening use transit as often as new residents in the comparable urban corridors without LRT. We conclude that besides LRT, land use and transportation policies are necessary for ridership growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-143
Number of pages10
JournalTransportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Volume59
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Propensity score matching
  • Self-selection
  • Transit-oriented development
  • Travel behavior
  • Urban form

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