The influence of individuals on situations: Implications for understanding the links between personality and social behavior

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Abstract

In an analysis of the nature and origins of predictability in social behavior, two propositions are considered: (1) There exist categories of individuals whose social behavior is readily predictable from measures of personal attributes such as attitudes, traits, and dispositions as well as categories of individuals whose social behavior is readily predictable from situational and interpersonal specifications of behavioral appropriateness; (2) underlying these differences in predictability are systematic choices to enter and to spend time in social settings and interpersonal contexts that promote and facilitate one or other of these characteristic behavioral orientations. The implications of these propositions for the study of personality and social behavior are considered in the specific case of the psychological construct of self‐monitoring and in the general case of understanding the reciprocal influences of individuals and their social worlds. Copyright © 1983, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)497-516
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Personality
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1983

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