The influence of group cohesion on the behavioral treatment of smoking: A failure to replicate

Harry A Lando, Paul G. McGovern

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The present investigation undertook a large-scale replication of an apparently successful group cohesion manipulation reported by Etringer, Gregory, and Lando (1984). A 2 × 2 factorial design was initiated in which subjects were to be randomly assigned to enriched or standard cohesion and to satiation or nicotine fading. However, subject resistance to the satiation technique necessitated the abandoning of this part of the experimental procedure. Subjects assigned to nicotine fading (enriched or standard cohesion) included 184 women and 169 men. In contrast to the Etringer et al. study, there was virtually no evidence of a treatment effect on either group cohesion scores or abstinence outcome. Future work might attempt to establish more powerful manipulations of cohesion, which could then be applied especially to groups that fail to coalesce on their own.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-121
Number of pages11
JournalAddictive Behaviors
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 1991

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The current work was supported by Grant #PBR-7 from the American Cancer Society. Requests for reprints should be sent to Harry A. Lando, Ph.D., Division of Epidemiology, Health, l-210 Moos Tower. 515 Delaware Street, Minneapolis, MN 55455.


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