The influence of family and peer relationships in the development of competence during adolescence: Effects on child and adolescent development

W. Andrew Collins, Glenn I. Roisman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Adolescence has long been considered to “begin in biology and end in culture.” This phrase traditionally refers to well-known psychological and behavioral markers of adolescent development, such as increasing parent-child conflict and intensified orientation to peers, which reflect both biological maturation and social and cultural expectations. Until recently, specialists in adolescence had given little attention to questions about the contributions of genetic or environmental effects to individual variation. Research with adolescents did have in common with other periods, however, an emphasis on questions of whether interpersonal forces influence adolescent development and, if so, which ones are especially important. Consequently, research before the late 1980s typically begged the question posed for this chapter: “How do parents and peers contribute to adolescent behavior?” Like other recent writers (e.g., Collins, Maccoby, Steinberg, Hetherington et al., 2000; Goodnow, 1992; Maccoby, 2000; Rutter et al., 1997), we propose that questions of whether and which now should be supplemented by the study of how (by what processes) and when (under what conditions) influences come about in the interpersonal experiences of adolescents. We argue that the content and quality of relationships with both family members and other significant companions determine the nature and extent of their impact on development. The chapter is divided into three sections. In the first section, we briefly describe recent research findings on normative relationship networks in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationFamilies Count: Effects on Child and Adolescent Development
Subtitle of host publicationEffects on child and adolescent development
EditorsJ. Dunn, A. Clarke-Stewart
Place of PublicationCambridge, UK
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages79-103
Number of pages25
ISBN (Electronic)9780511616259
ISBN (Print)0521612292, 9780521847537
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006

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