The influence of axial grooves on dislodgment resistance of prosthetic metal crowns in canine teeth of dogs

Stephanie Goldschmidt, Caitlyn J. Collins, Scott Hetzel, Heidi Lynn Ploeg, Jason W. Soukup

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The reported failure rate for full veneer crowns of canine teeth of dogs is suboptimal, particularly in teeth with naturally poor retentive features, such as those with low height/diameter (H/D) ratios or high convergence angles (CAs). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the application of axial grooves in an effort to develop a crown preparation design that enhances the retention of full veneer crowns in dogs. Crown dislodgment testing was performed on cast alloy dies of canine teeth with unfavorable retention features (low H/D and high CA) prepared with (n = 14) and without axial grooves (n = 15) to evaluate the force required to dislodge a cemented full veneer crown. The crown/die units were secured within a universal testing machine and a load was applied at the 45 oblique direction from distal to mesial to replicate the vector encountered during biting-pulling action. The maximum force required to cause crown dislodgment was recorded for each crown. Statistical analysis revealed a significant increase in force required for crown dislodgment when axial grooves were included in the crown preparation design (P < .001). Crown retention is improved in canine teeth with otherwise poor retention features when axial grooves are made in the labial and palatal/lingual walls during crown preparation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)146-150
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Veterinary Dentistry
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Axial grooves
  • Canine teeth
  • Crowns
  • Dogs
  • Retention

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