To examine the role of perceived gender on fricative identification, a study was conducted in which listeners identified /s/-/f/ and /s/-/f/ continua combined with vowels produced by a man and a woman. These were acoustically modified to be consistent with different-sized vocal tracts (VT), and were presented with pictures of men or women. Listeners identified more tokens of /s/ in the /s/-/f/ and more tokens of // in the /s/-/f/ continuum when these sounds were combined with men's vowels, with vowels consistent with a 17 cm VT, and with pictures of men. Results support the hypothesis that listeners incorporate information about talker gender during fricative perception.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a McKnight Presidential Fellowship and by NSF grant BCS 0729277 to Benjamin Munson. Generous thanks to Keith Johnson and Elizabeth Strand for allowing me to use the fricative stimuli from Strand and Johnson (1996) .