The importance of water is in question: Aquatic nature images do not have significantly higher restorativeness ratings than green nature images

Brittany Neilson, Martina Klein, Elizabeth Briones, Curtis Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

2 Scopus citations


Previous research has indicated that aquatic features in nature may have additional restorative potential. The present study assessed the perceived restorativeness for nature images that contained only aquatic features (no greenery) and compared them to images that contained only greenery (no water) and only urban environments (no water or greenery) instead of using images that had various proportions of water and greenery, as conducted in previous research. There were no significant differences in ratings on the short-version of Perceived Restorativeness Scale's (PRS) for aquatic-only compared to green-only images, but both had superior ratings on the short PRS compared to urban images. Thus, our findings indicated that aquatic-only images may not increase restorative potential compared to green-only images, at least not as assessed by the short PRS. Future research needs to assess the restorative effect induced by aquatic-only and green-only nature scenery on cognitive performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)446-449
Number of pages4
JournalProceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventHuman Factors and Ergonomics Society 2016 International Annual Meeting, HFES 2016 - Washington, United States
Duration: Sep 19 2016Sep 23 2016


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