The importance of recent ice ages in speciation: A failed paradigm

John Klicka, Robert M. Zink

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

544 Scopus citations


Late Pleistocene glaciations have been ascribed a dominant role in sculpting present-day diversity and distributions of North American vertebrates. Molecular comparisons of recently diverged sister species now permit a test of this assertion. The Late Pleistocene Origins model predicts a mitochondrial DNA divergence value of less than 0.5 percent for avian sister species of Late Pleistocene origin. Instead, the average mitochondrial DNA sequence divergence for 35 such songbird species pairs is 5.1 percent, which exceeds the predicted value by a factor of 10. Molecular data suggest a relatively protracted history of speciation events among North American songbirds over the past 5 million years.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1666-1669
Number of pages4
Issue number5332
StatePublished - Sep 12 1997


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