The importance of psychosocial factors in the prevention of HPV infection and cervical cancer

M. E. Fernandez-Esquer, M. W. Ross, I. Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article presents a review of psychosocial factors associated with the primary and secondary prevention of cervical cancer. Current research evidence convincingly links the presence of the human papillomavirus (HPV) to the development of cervical cancer suggesting that bringing together knowledge from the Papanicolau smear screening and HPV infection research may help formulate a new approach that bridges primary and secondary prevention strategies. Bringing together these 2 areas of research involves an understanding of the psychosocial factors that underlie both. This review will specifically focus on 3 areas of psychosocial research: (1) sexual behaviours associated with HPV infection; (2) knowledge, attitudes and beliefs associated with Pap smear and HPV screening; and (3) the role of the medical provider in facilitating prevention activities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)701-713
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 4 2000

Keywords

  • Cervical cancer
  • Human papillomavirus
  • Primary prevention
  • Psychosocial issues
  • Secondary prevention

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