We examine the implications of school choice on walkability, school travel mode and overall environmental emissions. In developing this proof-of-concept model we show-and quantify-differences between city-wide schools and their neighborhood school counterpart. Our analysis demonstrates how children attending city-wide schools may have heightened travel distance, greenhouse gas emissions, and exposure to bus fumes. Using available data along with a series of informed assumptions we figure the city-wide school had six times fewer children walking, 4.5 times as many miles traveled, 4.5 times the system cost, and 3-4.5 times the amount of criteria air pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions. By providing bus service, the overall miles traveled (and resulting emissions) decreased 30-40% compared to the scenario without bus service, however system costs were higher for both the neighborhood and city-wide school (no pollution externality costs were factored in).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment|
|State||Published - Oct 2007|
Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Child travel
- Environmental impact
- School choice
- School transportation