The impact of TCR signal strength on resident memory T cell formation during influenza virus infection

Jessica K. Fiege, Ian A. Stone, Elizabeth J. Fay, Matthew W. Markman, Sathi Wijeyesinghe, Marissa Macchietto, Steven Shen, David Masopust, Ryan A Langlois

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Resident memory T cells (TRM) in the lung are vital for heterologous protection against influenza A virus (IAV). Environmental factors are necessary to establish lung TRM; however, the role of T cell–intrinsic factors like TCR signal strength have not been elucidated. In this study, we investigated the impact of TCR signal strength on the generation and maintenance of lung TRM after IAV infection. We inserted high- and low-affinity OT-I epitopes into IAV and infected mice after transfer of OT-I T cells. We uncovered a bias in TRM formation in the lung elicited by lower affinity TCR stimulation. TCR affinity did not impact the overall phenotype or long-term maintenance of lung TRM. Overall, these findings demonstrate that TRM formation is negatively correlated with increased TCR signal strength. Lower affinity cells may have an advantage in forming TRM to ensure diversity in the Ag-specific repertoire in tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)936-945
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume203
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2019

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Virus Diseases
Orthomyxoviridae
Influenza A virus
T-Lymphocytes
Lung
Epitopes
Maintenance
Phenotype

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

Cite this

The impact of TCR signal strength on resident memory T cell formation during influenza virus infection. / Fiege, Jessica K.; Stone, Ian A.; Fay, Elizabeth J.; Markman, Matthew W.; Wijeyesinghe, Sathi; Macchietto, Marissa; Shen, Steven; Masopust, David; Langlois, Ryan A.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 203, No. 4, 15.08.2019, p. 936-945.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fiege, Jessica K. ; Stone, Ian A. ; Fay, Elizabeth J. ; Markman, Matthew W. ; Wijeyesinghe, Sathi ; Macchietto, Marissa ; Shen, Steven ; Masopust, David ; Langlois, Ryan A. / The impact of TCR signal strength on resident memory T cell formation during influenza virus infection. In: Journal of Immunology. 2019 ; Vol. 203, No. 4. pp. 936-945.
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